Madhubani painting or art is an Indian folk art. It is also known as Mithila painting. It is practised in the Bihar state of India. It was originated in the Madhubani region of Mithila, therefore, it’s called Madhubani painting. The name Madhubani translate as “Forest of honey”. The area of Mithila lies near the border of India and Nepal. It is practised in some regions of Nepal as well.
Traditionally it is done with fingers, nib-pens, twigs, matchsticks, brushes by using natural dyes and pigments on mud walls of houses and huts by the womenfolk of the village. Nowadays it’s practised on handmade papers, canvas, clothes and another medium as well with synthetic colours but some artist still use natural colours.
These paintings are known for its geometrical patterns and vibrant colours. The paintings are based on mostly folk or mythological theme. The central theme of these paintings is love, fertility, prosperity, valour and devotion. Symbols of love and prosperity sun, moon, lotus, trees, parrot, peacock, elephant, fish, turtle are prominent.
Apart from these, the Hindu deities Rama-Sita, Krishna–Radha, Shiva- Shakti, Kali, Durga, Saraswati, Ganesh, Lakshmi, Ravana, Hanuman and tales from the life of Krishna, Ramayana and Mahabharata are common. A social event like weddings are also themes of these paintings.
In these paintings, There is hardly any empty space left. Space is filled with floral, animals, birds and other motifs. Each motif has significance like fish signifies fertility and good luck where peacocks, romance and love.
This Madhubani painting is made by using pen and synthetic colours on handmade paper.